褚晓琳,唐议,陈勇.区域渔业管理组织中的鲨鱼养护管理问题研究[J].海洋通报,2019,(2):132-140
区域渔业管理组织中的鲨鱼养护管理问题研究
On the conservation and management of sharks in regional fishery management organizations
投稿时间:2018-06-17  修订日期:2018-08-05
DOI:10.11840/j.issn.1001-6392.2019.02.002
中文关键词:  鲨鱼  区域渔业管理组织  养护管理
英文关键词:sharks  RFMOs  conservation and management
基金项目:上海市浦江人才计划(18PJC071);国家社科基金重大项目(17VHQ010);上海海洋大学海洋研究院开放课题(A1-0203-00-300103)
作者单位E-mail
褚晓琳 上海海洋大学 海洋文化与法律学院上海 201306
上海海洋大学 海洋科学研究院
上海 201306 
xlchu@shou.edu.cn 
唐议 上海海洋大学 海洋文化与法律学院上海 201306
上海海洋大学 海洋科学研究院
上海 201306 
ytang@shou.edu.cn 
陈勇 University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469, USA  
摘要点击次数: 154
全文下载次数: 73
中文摘要:
      目前鲨鱼养护管理问题已引起国际社会的广泛关注, 《鲨鱼养护管理国际行动计划》 和 《濒危野生动植物种国际贸易公约》 等国际文件从生态系统保护和贸易管控角度对鲨鱼问题做出规定。为了顺应国际社会加强鲨鱼养护管理的趋势,RFMOs出台了一系列决议和措施。对此,作为远洋渔业大国的我国应针对目前履行 RFMOs 管理规定中存在的问题,尽早做好各项准备,以彰显我国渔业大国的负责任态度,更好地维护我国远洋渔业合法权益。第一,对外加大宣传,树立我国远洋渔业的正面形象;第二,加强远洋渔业从业人员培训,强化远洋渔船监管;第三,加强国际渔业法律科学人才队伍建设,提升在国际渔业管理中的话语权和主导权;第四,转变我国渔业法规指导理念,确立以养护为主的渔业管理基本方针。
英文摘要:
      Currently, the conservation and management of sharks has attracted high attention of the international community. IPOA-Sharks, CITES and other international regulations have stipulated shark issues from the perspectives of ecosystem protection and international trade control directly or indirectly. In order to comply with the international trend of conservation and management of sharks. In this regard, China as a large pelagic fishery country, should prepare for the problems in the implementation of the regulations of RFMOs timely, to show the responsibility of a big fishing country, and to better safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of the pelagic fishing in China. Firstly, increase publicity and set up a positive image of the pelagic fishery of China; Secondly, strengthen the training of the practitioners of the pelagic fishery and intensify the supervision of the pelagic fleets; Thirdly, strengthen the construction of the science and legal staff team of the international fishery, and enhance the discourse power and dominant power in the international fishery management; Fourthly, change the guiding principles of the fishery regulations in China, and establish the basic principles of fishery management based on Conservation.
查看全文    下载PDF阅读器
关闭