王晶,张峰,李佳芮,孙梅,孙苗,王泉斌.我国海岛县域经济发展特征与问题分析[J].海洋通报,2019,(3):
我国海岛县域经济发展特征与问题分析
Analysis on the characteristics and problems of island economic development in China
投稿时间:2018-04-26  修订日期:2018-09-21
DOI:10.11840/j.issn.1001-6392.2019.03.002
中文关键词:  海岛  经济  统计
英文关键词:island  economy  statistics
基金项目:国家海岛保护与管理专项 (4042301)
作者单位E-mail
王晶 国家海洋信息中心天津 300171 wang-7-jing@163.com 
张峰 国家海洋信息中心天津 300171  
李佳芮 国家海洋信息中心天津 300171  
孙梅 国家海洋信息中心天津 300171  
孙苗 国家海洋信息中心天津 300171  
王泉斌 自然资源部第一海洋研究所山东 青岛 266071  
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中文摘要:
      海岛是壮大海洋经济、拓展发展空间的重要依托。党的十八大以来,随着海洋强国战略的实施,海洋经济迅速发展。作为海域中的地理支点,学界对海岛经济的关注度也逐步增强。本文从梳理研究国内外海岛经济研究现状入手,分析和研究了海岛经济的特征和内涵,对海岛经济作出尝试性定义。基于 《海岛统计报表制度》 等渠道收集的我国 12 个海岛县 (市、区)经济统计数据,分析和总结了我国主要海岛地区经济规模、经济水平、产业结构、海洋产业发展状况及其时期规律和地域特征,结果表明:近 8 年来,12 个主要海岛地区 GDP 明显增长,增长率大于同期国民经济增长率;2014 年,普陀区 GDP 最高,南澳县最低,长岛县人均 GDP 最高,南澳县最低;2014-2016 年,主要海岛地区产业结构呈现不同的特征,总体趋势为第一产业比重逐年下降,第二、三产业比重逐年上升。基于统计结果,初步总结了海岛经济发展存在的问题,以期对我国海岛经济今后发展提供参考借鉴。最后,结合工作实际,提出了下一步的重点研究方向。
英文摘要:
      The islands are important supports for expanding the marine economy and development space. Since the 18th Communist Party of China National Congress, the Maritime Power strategy has been implemented and the marine economy has developed rapidly. As a geographical fulcrum in the sea, the island and its economy have gradually gained the academician忆s attention. This paper starts with the research status of island economy at home and abroad, analyzes the characteristics and connotation of island economy, and makes a tentative definition of island economy. Based on the economic statistics of 12 Chinese island counties (cities, districts) collected through the‘Island Statistical Reporting System’, the paper analyzes and summarizes the economic scale, economic level, industrial structure, marine industries as well as their time and regional characteristics. The results show that in the past 8 years, the GDP of 12 major island areas has increased significantly, and the growth rate is greater than that of the national economy during the same period. In 2014, the GDP of Putuo District was the largest while Nan’ao County was the lowest. The highest per capita GDP was in Changdao County and the lowest was in Nan’ao County. During 2014-2016, the industrial structures of island counties present different characteristics. The overall trend is that the primary industry decreased while the second and third industries increased year by year. Based on the statistical results, the problems of island economy are summarized in order to provide reference for the future development. Finally, it puts forward the research direction based on the actual work and practice.
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