朱士兵,李志强.乡村海滩旅游资源质量评价的建立——以雷州半岛为例[J].海洋通报,2019,(5):519-526
乡村海滩旅游资源质量评价的建立——以雷州半岛为例
Establishment of quality evaluation systems of rural tourism beach resources:Leizhou Peninsula case
投稿时间:2018-11-13  修订日期:2019-02-27
DOI:10.11840/j.issn.1001-6392.2019.05.005
中文关键词:  乡村海滩  质量评价  沉积物  海滩地形动力学  雷州半岛
英文关键词:rural beaches  quality evaluation  sediment  beach morphodynamic  Leizhou Peninsula
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(41676079);广东海洋大学创新强校工程项目(Q18307)
作者单位E-mail
朱士兵 广东海洋大学化学与环境学院广东 湛江524088广东海洋大学电子与信息工程学院广东 湛江524088 26585759@qq.com 
李志强 广东海洋大学化学与环境学院广东 湛江524088广东海洋大学电子与信息工程学院广东 湛江524088 qiangzl1974@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      我国海滩旅游资源开发程度不高,还存在大量的优质乡村海滩资源未被利用,具有巨大的潜在经济价值和社会效益,是未来海滨旅游开发的重点。对旅游海滩质量进行科学评价是海滩开发的重要基础工作之一。国内外成熟的海滩质量评价体系侧重于滨海旅游的舒适性和服务完善性,比较适合于开发完善的城市旅游海滩,目前没有针对乡村旅游海滩资源的质量评价体系。本文结合了国内外海滩资源质量评价的研究方法,根据乡村海滩旅游海滩的独特性,从资源开发潜力、资源自然条件、海滩沉积动力特征及安全性3 类评价因素19个评价因子,建立了乡村海滩旅游资源质量评价指标体系和乡村海滩旅游资源质量分类体系。结合现场调查数据,利用该评价体系对雷州半岛沿岸18 个乡村海滩进行了质量评价和分类。结果表明该海滩质量评价体系可为乡村海滩资源的综合利用、保护和开发提供理论和技术支持。最后,分析指出在海滩质量评价体系中引入地形动力理论,对海滩裂流安全性因子进行评价的重要性。
英文摘要:
      There are a large number of high-quality rural beach resources that have not been utilized in China. These beaches which have huge potential economic value and social benefits, will be the focus of future coastal tourism development. Scientific evaluation for the quality of tourist beaches is one of the important basic works in beach development.The mature beach quality evaluation systems both at home and abroad focus on the comfort and service perfection in coastal tourism, which is more suitable for developed urban tourism beaches. Few studies have been done on the quality evaluation system for rural tourism beach resources. On the bases of previous studies and the unique characteristics of rural beach, a new beach resource quality evaluation and classification system is proposed in this paper, which including 3 categories development potential, natural conditions, beach sedimentation characteristics and safety and 19 evaluation factors. Using field surveyed data, 18 rural beaches along the Leizhou Peninsula were evaluated and classified by the evaluation system. Results show that the beach quality evaluation system can provide theoretical and technical support for the comprehensive utilization, protection and development of rural beach resources. Finally, the importance of introducing beach morphodynamic theory into the beach quality evaluation system to evaluate the safety factor was discussed.
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