黄华梅,吴玲玲,王金华,谢湃然,王银霞.拟建三亚新机场填海对区域景观特征影响分析[J].海洋通报,2020,(1):119-126
拟建三亚新机场填海对区域景观特征影响分析
Analysis on the regional landscape character impacts from planning Sanya new airport reclamation
投稿时间:2019-07-16  修订日期:2019-09-17
DOI:
中文关键词:  三亚新机场  人工岛填海  景观特征影响  人文景观  自然景观
英文关键词:Sanya new airport  artificial island reclamation  landscape character impact  culture landscape  natural landscape
基金项目:中国-东盟海上合作基金“北部湾海洋和岛屿环境管理合作研究项目”;国家海洋公益专项 (201505008)
作者单位E-mail
黄华梅 自然资源部南海规划与环境研究院广东 广州 510300 hmhuang2007@gmail.com 
吴玲玲 自然资源部南海规划与环境研究院广东 广州 510300  
王金华 自然资源部南海规划与环境研究院广东 广州 510300  
谢湃然 广州市城市规划勘测设计研究院广东 广州 510060  
王银霞 自然资源部南海规划与环境研究院广东 广州 510300  
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中文摘要:
      为进一步完善海南国际旅游岛的交通基础设施,三亚市政府提出在红塘湾海域进行填海,用于机场及附属设施建设。而伴随着海南国际旅游岛和自由贸易试验区国家战略的稳步推进,三亚将重点保护和优化具有品牌效应的标志性景观地区。本研究运用空间视线分析及实景模拟分析法,分析三亚新机场填海工程对周边三个标志性滨海景区,即南山文化旅游区、天涯海角风景区、鹿回头风景区的景观特征影响。分析结果认为:填海建设机场将对三亚重要滨海景观资源造成较大自然和人文冲击。自然景观方面,项目填海占据了南山文化旅游区和天涯海角风景区较大的视觉范围,大尺度的直线人工岛及大体量的人工设施将改变整体环境的“自然”特征。人文景观方面,天涯海角风景区的“天地尽头”景观意象受影响大,直接破坏“天之涯”“海之角”陆海分界、海阔天空的意象;建成后噪音、灯光将破坏南山文化旅游区的肃静和庄严感,南海观音也将面临灯光、噪音的日夜干扰;对于鹿回头景区,“前无去路”的内涵将受到影响。建议项目用海评估论证应纳入区域景观影响的内容,结合区域发展定位和战略需求,对新机场填海工程的可行性进行全方位论证。
英文摘要:
      In order to further enhance the transportation infrastructure of the international tourism island, the Sanya Municipal Government proposed the construction of the new airport and its ancillary facilities in Hongtang Bay through nearshore reclamation. On the other hand, with the continuous progress of the national strategy of Hainan International Tourism Island and Free Trade Pilot Zone, protection of the iconic landscape areas with brand effect has become vital important. Based on the analysis of spatial line of sight analysis and real-world simulation, this study investigated the landscape environmental impact of Sanya new airport on the nearby famous landmarks, i.e., Nanshan Cultural Tourism Zone, Tianya Haijiao Scenic Area and Luhuitou Scenic Area. The results showed that the Sanya new airport from reclamation would have great impacts on the coastal landscape resources in Sanya both from natural and cultural aspects. For the natural aspect, the reclamation for the new airport occupies a large visual space both for the Nanshan Cultural Tourism Zone and the Tianya Haijiao Scenic Spot. Furthermore, the regular outline of artificial islands and large-scale artificial structures will change the natural characteristics of the overall landscape environment. From the cultural aspect, the near -shore reclamation would damage the historical imagery of the "end of the heavens and the earth" in the Tianya Haijiao scenic spot, directly destroying the image of "the end of the sky", the "corner of the sea". In addition,the noise and light of the airport would destroy the silence and solemnity of Nanshan Cultural Scenic Area and the famous landmark, Nanhai Guanyin would be exposed to the light and noise day and night. For the Luhuitou scenic spot, the connotation of "no way ahead" would no longer exist. In this context, it was recommended to take carefully decision-making for the near-shore reclamation for construction of the Sanya new airport. The landscape environmental impact should be considered as a key factor for the sea use assessment, combined with regional development positioning and strategic needs
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