朱文谨,王娜,董啸天,丛新,韩雪,潘锡山.海州湾水流紊动强度和含沙量对沉降速度的影响研究[J].海洋通报,2020,(4):
海州湾水流紊动强度和含沙量对沉降速度的影响研究
Study on the influence of turbulence intensity and sediment concentration on the settling velocity in Haizhou Bay
投稿时间:2019-10-20  修订日期:2020-01-11
DOI:10.11840/j.issn.1001-6392.2020.04.010
中文关键词:  沉降速度  紊动强度  含沙量  海州湾
英文关键词:settling velocity  turbulence intensity  sediment concentration  Haizhou Bay
基金项目:港口航道泥沙工程交通行业重点实验室开放基金 (Yn918003);海岸灾害及防护教育部重点实验室开放研究基金;国家重点研发计划 (2017YFC1404203);江苏省自然科学基金青年基金 (BK20180803,BK20170871);国家科技支撑计划 (2013BAB04B03)
作者单位E-mail
朱文谨 江苏海洋大学 土木与港海工程学院江苏 连云港 222005 zhuwj@hhit.edu.cn 
王娜 江苏海洋大学 土木与港海工程学院江苏 连云港 222005  
董啸天 江苏海洋大学 土木与港海工程学院江苏 连云港 222005 dongxt@hhit.edu.cn 
丛新 同济大学 土木工程学院上海 200092  
韩雪 江苏省海涂研究中心江苏 南京 210036  
潘锡山 江苏省海涂研究中心江苏 南京 210036  
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中文摘要:
      选取海州湾近岸潮流和含沙量实测资料,分析水体紊动强度与含沙量对近岸絮凝体沉降速度的影响,提出了新的沉降速度确定方法。研究表明:淤海州湾近岸泥沙沉降速率大部分在 0.05 ~ 2.50 mm/s 之间,潮周期内泥沙絮凝体的沉降速度 有明显变化。于含沙量较小时,泥沙絮凝体的沉降速度基本随含沙量的增加而增加;含沙量较大时,含沙量与沉降速度呈现出负相关,无论是大潮还是中潮,当含沙量达到 0.7 kg/m3左右时,絮团沉降速度最大,而随着含沙量的增大,絮团沉降速度开始减小。盂在涨落潮垂线平均流速最大时刻,紊动强度达到峰值,含沙量较低时,随着紊动强度增加,沉降速度也随之增加,大潮期间紊动强度对泥沙沉降速度的影响高于中潮。榆新的泥沙沉降速度计算公式不仅考虑了含沙量,还计入了紊动强度 G,大大提高了沉降速度计算值与实测值的相关性。
英文摘要:
      Based on the measured data of tidal current and sediment concentration in Haizhou Bay, the influence of turbulence intensity and sediment concentration on the settling velocity of offshore flocs is analyzed, and a new method to determine the settling velocity is proposed. Results show that most of the sedimentation rate of the offshore sediment in Haizhou Bay is between 0.05-2.50 mm/s, and the sedimentation rate of the flocs changes obviously in the tidal cycle. The sedimentation rate of the flocs increases with the increase of the sediment concentration when the sediment concentration is small;when the sediment concentration is large, the sediment concentration and sedimentation rate show a negative correlation.When the concentration of sediment is greater than 0.7 kg/m3, the settling velocity reaches the maximum. Then, with the increase of sediment concentration, the settling velocity of flocs begins to decrease.When the average vertical velocity of rising and falling tide is the maximum, the turbulence intensity reaches the peak value. When the sediment concentration is low, the settling velocity increases with the increase of turbulence intensity, and the effect of turbulence intensity on the settling velocity of sediment during spring tide is higher than that of middle tide. The new formula not only considers the concentration but also the turbulence intensity G. The correlation between the settling velocity calculated by the new formula and the measured value is greatly improved.
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