张彬彬,张道建,张海泉,刘凯,张学贤,卢永平.动力定位系统与单波束测深仪在科考船定点作业中的应用[J].海洋通报,2020,(6):
动力定位系统与单波束测深仪在科考船定点作业中的应用
Application of dynamic positioning system and single-beam echosounder in the research vessel based fixed-point observation
投稿时间:2019-06-12  修订日期:2020-07-15
DOI:10.11840/j.issn.1001-6392.2020.06.002
中文关键词:  科考船  定点作业  动力定位  单波束测深仪
英文关键词:research vessel  fixed-point marine survey  dynamic positioning system  single-beam echo sounder
基金项目:国家自然科学基金 (41604046)
作者单位E-mail
张彬彬 自然资源部第一海洋研究所山东 青岛 266061 zhangbinbin@fio.org.cn 
张道建 自然资源部第一海洋研究所山东 青岛 266061  
张海泉 自然资源部第一海洋研究所山东 青岛 266061  
刘凯 自然资源部第一海洋研究所山东 青岛 266061  
张学贤 自然资源部第一海洋研究所山东 青岛 266061  
卢永平 自然资源部第一海洋研究所山东 青岛 266061  
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中文摘要:
      科考船定点作业时会受到海洋风、涌、浪、流等外界环境因素影响,导致工作效率降低,原位测量精度下降,甚至影响作业安全。动力定位系统 (DP) 具有自动定位功能,能够抵抗外界环境因素的影响,可实现科考船高精度定点控位。 单波束测深仪不仅可以测量水深,也可反映水下设备深度信息,可以起到辅助监控水下设备功能。本文在介绍定点作业施工现状与局限性的基础上,分析 DP 系统与单波束测深仪工作原理,以“向阳红 01”船为载体,在定点作业时开启 DP 系统与单波束测深仪,发现该方法可以提高科考船定点作业工作效率、原位测量精度并保障作业安全,可为其他科考船定点作业提供参考。
英文摘要:
      The research vessel based fixed -point observation is affected by external environmental factors such as ocean wind, surge, waves, and currents, which would result in low work efficiency, in-situ measurement accuracy decline, and even may affect work safety. The dynamic positioning (DP) system with the automatic positioning function can reduce the influence of external environmental factors, thus realize high-precision fixed-point control of research vessels. The single-beam echo sounder can not only measure the water depth, but also detect the depth of the underwater equipment, thus may serve as an auxiliary monitoring facility. This study reviews the current situation and limitations of the fixed-point observation and analyzes the working principle of the DP system and single-beam echo sounder. Then, the DP system and single -beam echo sounder are applied during fixed-point survey by "Xiangyanghong 01". It is concluded that the application of DP system and single-beam echo sounder can improve the efficiency of the fixed -point survey, in -situ measurement accuracy and work safety. This paper can provide a reference for other scientific research vessel's fixed-point survey.
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