刘伟峰,刘大海,管松,姜伟.海域资源确权登记的关键要点与制约因素[J].海洋通报,2021,(1):
海域资源确权登记的关键要点与制约因素
The key points and restrictive factors of confirmation and registration of sea area right
投稿时间:2020-09-21  修订日期:2020-11-24
DOI:
中文关键词:  海域  确权登记  要点  制约因素
英文关键词:sea area  confirmation and registration  key points  restrictive factors
基金项目:自然资源部课题“海域确权登记方法研究与实践” (ZD0120001)
作者单位E-mail
刘伟峰 自然资源部第一海洋研究所山东 青岛 266061 liuwf@fio.org.cn 
刘大海 自然资源部第一海洋研究所山东 青岛 266061  
管松 自然资源部第一海洋研究所山东 青岛 266061  
姜伟 自然资源部第一海洋研究所山东 青岛 266061  
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中文摘要:
      海域是自然生态空间的重要组成部分,海域确权登记是我国自然资源统一确权登记的重要内容。由于资源属性的差异,海域确权登记在登记单元划分和地籍调查技术环节具有不同于其他自然资源的关键要点与制约因素。为保证海域空间的 生态完整性,海域登记单元应优先于自然保护地等其他自然资源划定,但需扣除其中的海岛,并在登记簿中记载其他资源的范围、类型和数量。为便于划清不同层级政府行使海域所有权的边界,海域登记单元应与县级行政区管辖海域范围一致。省 级行政管辖范围之外的渤海中部等海域应单独划定登记单元。现有基础资料尚不能完全支撑海域确权登记,制约因素主要包括领海基线尚未全部确定,部分省市海域划界尚存争议,无居民海岛海岸线勘测尚未完成,部分潮间带划为集体所有土地, 中央和地方分级行使所有权的海域资源清单尚未出台,现有自然资源登记簿设计对海域的适用性不足等。针对短期内难以解决的问题,提出了相应的解决对策。
英文摘要:
      Sea areas are important parts of natural ecology space, so it is necessary to confirm and register the right of sea areasfor all kinds of natural resources being registered in China. The unique characteristics of sea areas make it different from other natural resources in the key points and restrictive factors of registration unit division and cadastral survey. In order to maintain the ecological integrity of sea areas, the sea areas registration unit should be determined prior to other natural resources, with islands being excluded and the range, type and number of other natural resources being recorded on the registration sheet. For the convenience of clarifying the boundary of different level of governments in the ownership of sea areas,the registration unit should be consistent with the sea areas administrated by their respective county. Sea areas outside of provincial jurisdiction, such as central Bohai Sea, should be made a registration unit respectively. The availabledata are not enough to support the registration of sea area's right fully, the major restrictive factors needed to be solved are as follows: the baseline of territorial sea have not been fully determined; controversy still exists in the boundary demarcation of sea areas among provincial and municipal governments; some uninhabitedislands have not been surveyed; some parts of intertidal zone are collectively owned; the ownership on resources list of sea areas between the central and local government has not been determined; some design bugs in the register of natural resources still exist. It is difficult to overcome all of these restrictive factors completely in a short time, so some temporary strategies are developed to solve these problems.
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